The 99th Fighter Squadron was sent to North Africa in April 1943 for combat duty. They were joined by the 100th, 301st, and 302nd African-American fighter squadrons. Together these squadrons formed the 332nd fighter group. The transition from training to actual combat wasn’t always smooth given the racial tensions of the time. However, the Airmen overcame the obstacles posed by segregation. Under the able command of Col. Benjamin O. Davis, Jr., the well-trained and highly motivated 332nd flew successful missions over Sicily, the Mediterranean, and North Africa.

Bomber crews named the Tuskegee Airmen “Red-Tail Angels” after the red tail markings on their aircraft. Also known as “Black” or “Lonely Eagles,” the German Luftwaffe called them “Black Bird Men.” The Tuskegee Airmen flew in the Mediterranean theater of operations. The Airmen completed 15,000 sorties in approximately 1,500 missions, destroyed over 260 enemy aircraft, sank one enemy destroyer, and demolished numerous enemy installations. The Tuskegee Airmen were awarded numerous high honors, including Distinguished Flying Crosses, Legions of Merit, Silver Stars, Purple Hearts, the Croix de Guerre, and the Red Star of Yugoslavia. A Distinguished Unit Citation was awarded to the 332nd Fighter Group for “outstanding performance and extraordinary heroism” in 1945.

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KIS – Killed In Service
KIA – Killed in Action
MIA – Missing In Action

* Lt. Sherman H. White Jr. and Lt. James L. McCullin were the first black pilots killed in combat

79 pilots killed in overseas combat, training, flying and non-flying accidents.

9 Enlisted men killed overseas while performing their duties.

88 Tuskegee Airmen killed overseas during WWII.

99th FS Pilots = 24 / EM = 5
100th FS Plots = 25 / EM = 0
301st FS Pilots = 23 / EM = 1
302nd FS Pilots = 7/ EM = 1
Ord Det (Avn) #99 EM=1
1902st QM Trk Co (Avn) = 1
Research and data collection: 10 May 2016
Craig S. Huntly, Tuskegee Airmen Subject Matter Expert

*Information is subject to continuous updates and revisions as new information is discovered.